The 1st Battalion The Border Regiment were part of the 2nd Division at Aldershot in September 1939, and were amongst the first troops to cross the Channel on the outbreak of war.I In April 1940,42 (East Lancashire) Division TA, joined the B.E.F., and 1 Border joined 5 Border in this Division. The men continued to wear their Border Regiment cap badge on the black beret of the RAC, as did all infantry units converted in the same way. By now part of the 6th British Division, the 4th Battalion of the Border Regiment were moved back to the Western Desert. There is usually someone locally at these places who will know everything that happened! In 2006, the Queen's Lancashire was further amalgamated with the King's Own Royal Border Regiment and the King's Regiment to form the present Duke of Lancaster's Regiment. In 1958 the regiment was amalgamated with the South Lancashire Regiment to form the Lancashire Regiment which was, in 1970, merged with the Loyal Regiment to form the Queen's Lancashire Regiment. It was believed that this was the infantry of the 7th German Panzers. L/Cpl. One of these brigades of infantry was named the 23rd Brigade and attached to the 1st Armoured Division. Afridi and Red Shirt Rebellions of 1930 – 1931. ... would suffice to drive all the way to Baghdad. The successful evacuation of 338,000 Allied troops from Dunkirk ended the first phase in the Battle of France. By the time of the armistice and the call for peace, the war came to a close at 11am on the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918. The date of the first contact with the enemy was early on the morning of 24th May 1940. www.cumbriasmuseumofmilitarylife.org. , The 5th Battalion was also a 1st-Line Territorial Army unit that was serving with the 42nd East Lancashire Infantry Division and was sent to join the BEF in France in 1940. In any case, I hope you find out what happened. Regards,  , On 28 October 1950, the two regular battalions were formally amalgamated into a single 1st Battalion. David G. We haven't had a message back from Mr Hutchinson yet I'm afraid. The German invaders over-ran Rennes on Tuesday 18th June and currently I have an account of their initial arrival and occupation in translation. So, following in the footsteps of their fathers and uncles of the Great War, the men of Cumberland and Westmorland went down to the battle alongside the Queen's Bays of the 2nd Armoured Brigade. Another of the companies reached the north bank of the Somme and were engaged in mortar machine gun and rifle exchanges with the Germans. Ivan Renwick with the B.E.F. From May 26 to June 3 the British employed nearly 700 ships to evacuate more than 330,000 beleaguered forces (including 140,000 French Soldiers) from the port at Dunkirk. During the siege, after being the Western Desert Force the Division became the 70th British Division. The East Yorkshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, first raised in 1685 as Sir William Clifton's Regiment of Foot and later renamed the 15th Regiment of Foot. After withdrawal, the Unit moved Northwards, their lines of communication being constantly dive-bombed by the Germans. The regiment provided troops for the Imperial Yeomanry during the Second Boer War and served on the Western Front in the First World War, latterly as infantry. The Border Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, which was formed in 1881 under the Childers Reforms by the amalgamation of the 34th (Cumberland) Regiment of Foot and the 55th (Westmorland) Regiment of Foot. In 1942, it moved to Ceylon and later took part in the Burma Campaign from 1944 onward with the 100th Indian Infantry Brigade, part of 20th Indian Infantry Division. In 1969, the regiment reduced to a cadre and the Yeomanry lineage discontinued. The 4th Battalion of the Borders were given the task of clearing the woods that were partially held by the Germans. The days 16 - 18 June 1940 were really vital to what happened in France, because it was when De Gaulle was trying to get the French Government to continue fighting the war, and Pétain took over and asked the Germans for an Armistice. Subsequently, the regiment amalgamated with the Green Howards and the Duke of Wellington's Regiment to form the Yorkshire Regiment on 6 June 2006. The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers was an Irish line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1968. Bombing and shelling here in Tobruk became the daily and nightly ‘portion’. He wrote out this contribution out long hand and sent it to Radio Cumbria.  , The 2nd Battalion returned to England in 1946. To view and read about a French Military Postcard posted from Dunkirk on 24th May 1940, click here. At first they headed towards Dieppe. Fighting in the Forest continued for two days in support of the 5th Sherwood Foresters. I've just looked through some of my notes and various books in French and English to refresh my memory of what went on. It had been from this airfield of El Adem that the garrison of Tobruk had suffered the attentions of the Luftwaffe dive-bombers almost daily. There were so many that the newspapers at home dubbed Kendal, the hometown of most of them, 'The Town of Missing Men'. Bren gun carriers of the 1st Battalion, Border Regiment move through Orchies near the Franco-Belgian border. The regiment saw service in the Second Boer War, World War I and World War II. It was also atthis time that the 'Lancastria' was hit. The Royal Scots Fusiliers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that existed from 1678 until 1959 when it was amalgamated with the Highland Light Infantry to form the Royal Highland Fusiliers which was later itself merged with the Royal Scots Borderers, the Black Watch, the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders and the Highlanders to form a new large regiment, the Royal Regiment of Scotland. If I get a better reply I've got your e-mail and I will send a message to you that way. In 1908, the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907 reorganised the reserve battalions: the 4th Battalion was disbanded, while the 3rd was transferred to the Special Reserve, the volunteer battalions became units of the new Territorial Force as the 4th (Westmorland and Cumberland) Battalion at Strand Road in Carlisle and 5th (Cumberland) Battalion at Portland Square in Workington (since demolished). This was when your uncle would have been ordered to leave. Subsequently, in March 1941, the men of the 4th Battalion, The Border Regiment left on the troopship H.M.T. Anyway, we can but try! After returning to the United Kingdom, it spent time in South Wales on Guard duties before being posted to North Africa in 1941. From Brest, they went by ship to Southampton, where they arrived on the morning of June 18th 1940. Part of the new brigade was the 4th Battalion The Border Regiment. In 1944, the entire division was broken up to become part of Brigadier Orde Wingate's 'Special Force' (the Chindits) and took part in the 2nd Chindit expedition in Burma, before finally returning to the United Kingdom in 1945. The regiment converted to artillery in 1920 and served as such in the early years of the Second World War, before becoming part of the Chindits in Burma. In September 1944, it fought in Operation Market Garden, a failed opening of an attempt to liberate the Netherlands and invade Germany before the end of 1944. Exactly how many were killed in this evacuation I am unsure, but all together, with the Lancastria, other ships and on the trains it must have been 2000+. The Royal Warwickshire Regiment, previously titled the 6th Regiment of Foot, was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in continuous existence for 283 years. As there is as yet so much more to learn about incident I ask perchance does your Mr Hutchinson have any knowledge of that incident? After being earmarked for support in General Archibald Wavell's offensive 'Battleaxe' the next departure was for the Syrian campaign. Whilst in Africa, it spent some time fighting the Africa Korps, including taking part in the relief of Tobruk before being posted to British India in 1942–1943. It saw action in the Second Boer War, the First World War and the Second World War. The territorial 5th Battalion and 56th Anti-Tank Regiment (the old 4th Battalion) went across to France and Belgium in 1940, along with the newly raised 6th Battalion, 7th Battalion, 8th Battalion and 9th Battalion.All were involved in the actions in May 1940 and were successfully evacuated through Dunkirk. Many men from 'D Company' of the Borders were killed or captured. The following article has been submitted to the BBC "People's War" website on behalf of Mr Hutchinson. Find out more about the site contributors. When the ’breakout’ came, more aggressive raids began, until they were relieved by the Polish Carpathian Division. A marble memorial was established at Dunkirk (Dunkerque), it translates in English as: "To the glorious memory of the pilots, mariners, and soldiers of the French and Allied armi… So, men from Cumberland and Westmorland were present at both checks on Rommel and the German Afrika Corps! You should be able to get hold of a book in English entitled 'Finest Hour' by Tim Clayton and Phil Craig (1999), Hodder & Stoughton. The relief of Tobruk, the capture of Sidi Rezegh and the capture of El Adem was thus the second defeat of the German land forces. [All the above relieved the Australian infantry. In 1960, it was amalgamated with the Royal Lincolnshire Regiment to form the 2nd East Anglian Regiment, which was amalgamated with the 1st East Anglian Regiment, the 3rd East Anglian Regiment and the Royal Leicestershire Regiment to form the present Royal Anglian Regiment. David G. Thanks for taking the time to read the article about the 4 Bn Borders in WW2 and your most interesting question. WW2 Border Regiment Section. Soldiers Died in the Great War 1914-19, Volume 39, The Border Regiment does not differentiate between the three battalions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Territorial Force. In May 1940, the Band of the 1st Loyals was forced to leave their musical instruments behind in the town of Lannoy du Nord, on the border between France and Belgium. ... Dunkirk along the line of the Aa Canal, facing the Allied defensive line near Watten. The Luftwaffe harassed the evacuation which is when your uncle was unfortunately killed. referenced. History. Apart from a brief spell in Shanghai in 1927, it remained in the United Kingdom until 1936, when it moved to Palestine to suppress the Arab revolt. 4th Durham Survey Section It was formally disbanded in 1953. Following the Battle of France, it was evacuated from Dunkirk. In 1941, it was decided to convert the 42nd Division into an armoured division due to a shortage of armoured troops and the division became the 42nd Armoured Division. Y Gatrawd 3ydd o Glwy'r Traed- The 3rd Regiment of Foot (1651) 4. It returned to England in the following year, and was based at Catterick Garrison when the Second World War broke out. In the meantime, I've had a look through your postings, and also the CWGC website about their cemetery at Rennes. , The 2nd Battalion was in Italy at the end of the First World War, remaining there until 1919. His service number was 3601475. After service in the Second Boer War, followed by both World War I and World War II, the regiment was amalgamated with the King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) into the King's Own Royal Border Regiment in 1959, which was later merged with the King's Regiment (Liverpool and Manchester) and the Queen's Lancashire Regiment to form the present Duke of Lancaster's Regiment (King's, Lancashire and Border), which continues the lineage of the Border Regiment. Mr Hutchinson has written the article which was then sent it in to BBC Radio Cumbria, Carlisle. Due to the heavy casualties, the battalion did not participate in the Allied invasion of Italy and was sent to the United Kingdom. In April 1945, the battalion was transferred to the 36th British Infantry Division, which was previously an Indian Army formation, and became a Reconnaissance Regiment for the division. Battalions of the King's Own saw service all over the world during the Second World War. The Border Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, which was formed in 1881 under the Childers Reforms by the amalgamation of the 34th (Cumberland) Regiment of Foot and the 55th (Westmorland) Regiment of Foot. He returned to Europe after D-Day and fought through France and Germany with the Guards Armoured Division. Find out how you can use this. . 1. At one time or another these units were part of the garrison: 1st Royal Northumberland Fusiliers (Machine Guns) The railway complex at Rennes was bombed during mid morning Monday 17th June. They were part of the 70th British Infantry Division]". Cumbria's Museum of Military Life is run by the King's Own Royal Border Regiment Museum Trust, a Registered Charitable Trust No. Ireland, Channel Islands and Malta 1881–1890, 4th (Westmorland and Cumberland) Battalion, 1909–1919: Maj-Gen. William John Chads, CB, 1936–1947: Brig-Gen. George Hyde Harrison, DSO. I've left a message for Jemma, the co-ordinator for the Radio Cumbria volunteer story gatherers, asking for your question to be passed on to Mr Hutchinson, and if he has further details. But knowing what is there and what to ask for is not easy. 2nd Battalion, Yorkshire and Lancashire Regiment Both Battalions were heavily engaged in the German Blitzkrieg of May 1940, which ended in the successful evacuation from Dunkirk. As the name suggests, the division recruited in the Home Counties, particularly Kent, Middlesex, Surrey and Sussex. The problem at this time is that there is only just over a week before the site is closing down for furter postings! Cumbria's Museum of Military Life Alma Block, The Castle, Carlisle, Cumbria, CA3 8UR. Under orders from the 10th French Army Commander, the 4th Border moved North-West to the line of the River Bresle. I am aware WW2 People’s War is soon to close for contributions. This was the old date for 'Empire Day'. In the next few years, the 2nd Battalion was on garrison duty at various locations: Malta, The Sudan, Tientsin in China and Rawalpindi in India. Again, the problem is finding the right person. Have a look at pages 181-187. those of the BBC. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, King's Regiment (Liverpool and Manchester), Duke of Lancaster's Regiment (King's, Lancashire and Border), List of battalions of the Border Regiment §. "Now little remembered, regarded and even by-passed in the history of the time, there were men who fought on in France after the main force of the B.E.F. 5th Bn Border Regiment War Diary, June 1944 – November 1945, TNA file WO 166/17146. Ervine-Andrews was leading a company of the 1st Battalion, East Lancashire Regiment, defending 1,000 yards of line along the Canal de Bergues in front of Dunkirk. at Dunkirk Corporal Ivan Frank Renwick (1919 - 2013) from the Cleator Moor area of Cumbria served in the Army during the Second World War. Occupying the village of Kiam in the central sector, the battalion were engaged in patrolling. The South Wales Borderers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence for 280 years. Leaving the desert, the 70th Division, including the 4th Battalion The Border Regiment, were now went to India and Burma. 5th Bn Border Regiment War Diary, Apr–May 1944. On November 1st 1938, German troops entered the Sudetenland area of Czechoslovakia, occupying the entire region with almost no resistance from the Czech forces – only 3rd Battalion of the 8th Border Regiment briefly resisted advancing German troops before being ordered to lay down their weapons by the Czech High Command. ‘Tobruk’ by Frank Harrison [ISBN 1-85409-361-6], War Diaries: The Battalion saw action at Colenso and Spion Kop as part of the campaign to relieve Ladysmith. They were highly thought of by the Australian troops and the commander, General Leslie Morshead. The battalion did not see active service for the rest of the war. ... A Turkish corps attacking down toward Mosul would help us too by threatening their rear. public. The 5th Battalion was converted to armour as the 110th Regiment Royal Armoured Corps. While it isn't strictly what you are looking for I thought it might shed a little more light on it. IT IS DONE! Finally, while still holding Incheville with 'D Company', the Borders and Foresters were driven back, suffering casualties from heavy German mortaring and shelling. The views expressed are theirs and unless specifically stated are not The HQ of the battalion was in Kendal, then in Westmorland. The Battalion remained in India, and on the outbreak of the Second World War was stationed in Calcutta. Capt. I think he was one of the Burgess newspaper family so he may have written his memoirs somewhere. In 1970, the regiment was amalgamated with the Worcestershire Regiment to form the Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters Regiment, which in 2007 was amalgamated with the Cheshire Regiment and the Staffordshire Regiment to form the present Mercian Regiment. In 1969 the regiment was amalgamated with the South Wales Borderers to form the Royal Regiment of Wales. In 1968 the regiment was amalgamated with the other regiments of the Fusilier Brigade–the Royal Northumberland Fusiliers, Royal Warwickshire Fusiliers and the Royal Fusiliers –to form the current Royal Regiment of Fusiliers. Historical records of events in France, post Operation Dynamo, are sketchy. The day after Churchill gave his 'Finest Hour' speech and De Gaulle his 'Appeal' to the French: for the war to continue. For any other comments, please Contact Us. The 4th Battalion The Border Regiment had been guarding the Lines of Communications i…  In April 1939, when it seemed clear war was likely to break out with Germany, the TA was doubled in size, with each existing unit forming a duplicate. Fighting on in France in 1940 after Dunkirk. , In the case of the Border Regiment, the regimental district comprised the counties of Cumberland and Westmorland, with the depot established at Carlisle Castle. It was with these personal weapons that many fought as infantry in the last few days of the withdrawal to Dunkirk. The South Lancashire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 to 1958. The terms of the BBC “People’s War” website have been read and understood. At any one time, one battalion was to be on foreign service and one on "home" service. The third company reached their allotted bridge, crossed to the east bank and drove off the enemy. Moving out from the Brittany towns of Brest, Morlaix and St Malo, and then finally arriving at Aumale, the 4th Border was allotted the task of capturing three bridges west of Amiens on the River Somme. In 1959, the regiment was amalgamated with the Border Regiment to form the King's Own Royal Border Regiment. The crew wear snow suits and the gun is camouflaged with white sheets. , In common with other infantry regiments, the Border Regiment was increased in size for the duration of the 1914–1918 war by the creation of additional battalions, either by the duplication of the existing territorial units or by the raising of new "service" battalions. were evacuated. Burgess. Obtaining information from official sources seems to be quite difficult. If we have to pull a Dunkirk, that would be "bad." Five men of the Border Regiment were awarded the Victoria Cross, all during the First World War: By 1919, all the war-formed battalions had been disbanded and the system of rotating the two regular battalions had resumed. , The 3rd (Reserve) Battalion was placed in "suspended animation" following the war, and was never embodied again. It would be almost impossible for me to source documentary evidence of kinship to my grand-uncle George. The lineage of the Sherwood Foresters is now continued by The Mercian Regiment. At this point I should mention that the 51st Regiment of the Royal Field Artillery, comprising of men from Carlisle and all over Cumberland were present during the whole of the siege. The section has been taking part in reenactment / living history events since the early 1990's and is the main focus of VERA. In 1924, it moved to Aden, returning to England in the following year. 1st Battalion, Border Regiment VERA's main section portrays the 1st Battalion, Border Regiment during World War 2. A 2-pdr anti-tank gun of 44 Battery, 13th Anti-Tank Regiment, 2nd Division in the snow near Beuvry, 15 February 1940. The fighting continued all day in the beautiful spring day until nightfall when all the companies withdrew, taking numbers of prisoners with them. That night the OKW ordered the advance to halt, with the British Expeditionary Force trapped. , The 4th Battalion was a 1st Line Territorial Army unit, originally assigned to the 126th Infantry Brigade, 42nd (East Lancashire) Infantry Division. The two Divisions were the 51st Highland Division and the 1st Armoured Brigade. As darkness fell and both battalions having prevented the German attempt at encirclement, they moved out on the road to Goderville and finally to the woods and port of Le Havre. Mixed fortunes followed: one company was ambushed before they reached their objective and scattered. 'Orontes' bound for Suez. The Border Regiment was officially formed in 1881 when the 34th and 55th Regiments of Foot were amalgamated as part of the Childers Reforms. Please see my various contributions to this archive on the incident. So, all the units of the 70th Division were glad to take the airfield. The third element would be a screen of infantry divisions on the border dug in with, of course, lots of mines. As I am a volunteer story-gatherer, and no doubt because I have done some research about the war in France, I was asked to type it out and post it to the website. It mentions that Churchill and the Ministry of Information kept the disaster of this evacuation quiet at that time. The 34th was first raised in 1702 in East Anglia as ‘Lord Lucas's Regiment … The Border Regiment was amalgamated with the King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) to form the King's Own Royal Border Regiment on 1 October 1959. To read about Reservist Jean Duverlie of the 511eme Regional Regiment, click here. The two regular battalions were stationed as follows: The militia and rifle volunteers of Cumberland and Westmorland also became reserve battalions of the regiment in 1881: The Royal Cumberland Regiment of Militia and the Royal Westmorland Regiment of Militia became the 3rd and 4th Battalions respectively, while the rifle volunteers became the 1st (Cumberland) and 2nd (Westmorland) Volunteer Battalions.  Detachments of these battalions saw service in the Boer War of 1899 – 1902, and a 3rd Volunteer Battalion was raised in 1900. WO 169 / 1705 4th Battalion, The Border Regiment However, the battalion left the brigade in November 1939, and was assigned to the newly raised 25th Infantry Brigade and served from 1939–40 in France on lines of communication duties before becoming part of the ill-fated "2nd BEF" that tried to maintain a presence in France after Dunkirk, finally leaving from the Cherbourg peninsular. 271943 and accredited under the Arts Council of England Accreditation Scheme. , The 50th (Holding) Battalion was raised in June 1940. They were also given the task of relieving the Black Watch Battalion who were in the village of Incheville. There was much suffering but also much success, including the taking of many prisoners. Based in County Mayo, the battalion had few casualties, and returned to England at the end of the conflict in 1922. It served under various titles and fought in many wars and conflicts, including both the First and the Second World Wars, from 1680 to 1959. 28 October Arroyo Day Commemorates an action in Spain when the 34th Foot captured the Drums of their French opposite numbers. Y Gatrawd 2il o Glwy'r Traed- The 2nd Regiment of Foot (1651) 3. The Loyal Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that was in existence from 1881 to 1970. 225th Independent Infantry Brigade (Home), The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster), "Border Regiment & King's Own Royal Border Regiment Museum", 59th (2nd Nottinghamshire) Regiment of Foot, 40th (the 2nd Somersetshire) Regiment of Foot, 82nd Regiment of Foot (Prince of Wales's Volunteers), 81st Regiment of Foot (Loyal Lincoln Volunteers), Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment), Prince Albert's (Somerset Light Infantry), Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire Regiment), Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own (Yorkshire Regiment), Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment), Prince of Wales's Volunteers (South Lancashire Regiment), Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry, Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment), Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire Regiment), Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlesex Regiment), Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire Regiment), Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs, The Duke of Albany's), Princess Victoria's (Royal Irish Fusiliers), Princess Louise's (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders), Prince of Wales's Leinster Regiment (Royal Canadians), Liverpool Rifles, King's (Liverpool Regiment), Liverpool Scottish, King's (Liverpool Regiment), Leeds Rifles, Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire Regiment), Cinque Ports Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment, Hallamshire Battalion, York and Lancaster Regiment. 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